Tap and well water usually contain dissolved contaminants that result from environmental and industrial pollution. All water sources contain a certain level of contaminants that may range from naturally occurring minerals to artificially made chemicals. Unpurified water may also be contaminated with microbes that may cause to infections. Surface water is exposed to a lot of contaminants including industrial waste and pesticide run off. Ground water such as that from private wells gets contaminated by pathogens and even hazardous household products. A lot of illnesses are linked to the consumption of unpurified water. Repeated exposure to contaminated water for an extended period may result in chronic health effects.
What could contaminated water contain?
1. Heavy metals: these type of contaminants occur naturally in underground rocks and soil. They include metals like Selenium, Lead, and Arsenic.
2. Microorganisms: disease-causing pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites are common in contaminated water. Microbes are most common in shallow private wells and surface water.
3. Nitrates and nitrites: they come from human activities. They result from the decomposition of chemicals such as fertilizer in the soil.
4. Fluorides: they occur naturally and they may contaminate private wells. Excessive consumption of fluorides may damage the bone tissue.
Benefits of purifying water using a home water filtration system
· Contaminant containment: a home water filtration system is designed with a carbon technology that will eliminate all the contaminants in water and improve its taste. The filters are made of an organic material that has been broken into small pieces giving it a high surface-to-volume ratio. The high surface-to-volume ratio in home water filtration system enable the adsorption of various contaminants such as chlorine.
· Removal of water “hardness”: hard water contains minerals such as magnesium and calcium. Most households are affected by the issue of hard water. A home water filtration system designed with an ion-exchange resin is important in removing the minerals that cause water hardness.
· A home water filtration system will protect you and your family from the possible carcinogenic effects that result from long-term exposure to carcinogenic chemicals such as chlorine.
· The use of a home water filtration system enhances the healthiness of the drinking water. The purification process gets rid of disease-causing pathogens such as bacteria and viruses hence keeping you and your family safe from water-borne diseases.
· A home water filtration system is an effective shower filter. The system filters water at low temperatures enabling the removal of chlorine and other harmful chemicals. The purification process eliminates the risks of you and your family showering in contaminated water.
· Home water filtration system is the last line of defense between you and thousands of toxins that are present in contaminated water.
· Purified water is important for the development of a healthy immune system in your children’s body. The presence of contaminants such as chemicals and microbes may compromise the child’s developing immune system.
Risks associated with the use of unpurified water
The consequences of using contaminated water range from physical effects to severe diseases and even death. The effects of using unpurified water may be immediate or it may go unnoticed for a long time. The following are some of the effects of using unfiltered water at home:
· Gastrointestinal and stomach illnesses such as Cramps, vomiting, diarrhea. Presence of microbes such as Giardia usually result in such symptoms.
· Contaminants such as nitrates may cause health threats in young infants. Infants may develop “blue baby” syndrome which disrupts the flow of oxygen in the blood.